American Varieties

  1. Alden

    Alden is among the largest-berried American grape cultivars. At maturity it has relatively low acid so tastes sweet at lower sugar content.
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  2. Alwood

    Alwood is similar in appearance to Concord with larger berries and a pronounced labrusca aroma. Vines are very productive, have above average disease resistance and grow well in a variety of soils.
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  3. America

    America is described in The Grapes of New York (Hedrick, 1907) as being one of the best native grapes for a dark wine and to make a very good port, lacking the foxy taste of Concord and Niagara. It is a PD resistan...
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  4. Beta

    Beta is extremely hardy with good resistance to most diseases. Once the most widely grown grape in Minnesota where it is popular for its hardiness and juice and jelly quality.
  5. Bluebell

    Bluebell resembles Concord in size and color but matures earlier and is more cold hardy than Concord.
  6. Buffalo

    Buffalo is vigorous and productive, producing medium-sized blue slipskin grapes. Buffalo is recognized as the finest flavored early blue grape, with a marvelous aroma.
  7. Caco

    Caco produces large, full clusters of fancy, red berries. It is slipskin with sweet juicy flesh and aromatic grape flavor.
  8. Campbell Early

    Campbell Early is an excellent early Concord type that ripens 2 weeks earlier than Concord. Produces a high quality grape that lacks the "foxy" taste of many Labrusca cultivars. Reaches full color before it reache...
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  9. Captivator

    Captivator produces sweet, reddish-violet fruit that make excellent dessert grapes. This variety varies with climate; in the East, some say it has an "unusual fruit flavor".
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  10. Catawba

    Widely grown in Ohio and Central NY as early as the mid 19th century and widely used for sparkling wine, Catawba was the most popular grape cultivated in the US prior to the introduction of Concord, and was the majo...
  11. Concord

    Concord is the most famous American grape, described by Horace Greeley as "the grape for the millions" with vigorous, hardy and productive vines that produce medium-sized clusters bearing large blue-black berries. C...
  12. Delaware

    Referred to as "the best American table grape" in The Grapes of New York (Hedrick, 1907), Delaware is an early-ripening red variety with small berries and clusters, and mild flavor. Of the labrusca types, it has the...
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  13. Diamond

    Diamond is one of the few white American varieties that has been used to produce sweet, dry, and sparkling wines. Although largely replaced by Niagara for white grape juice production, Diamond is considered a superi...
  14. Dixie

    Dixie is a red self-fertile muscadine variety that is known to be one of the most productive varieties available. This extremely vigorous and cold hardy muscadine produces beautiful large clusters of red fruit and v...
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  15. Edelweiss

    Developed as a table grape, Edelweiss has medium-sized berries on large loose clusters. Wine is usually finished sweet and has pineapple overtones; fruit should be harvested at 14°- 16° brix to avoid strong Labr...
  16. Elvira

    Elvira is vigorous and hardy, producing medium-sized white berries that ripen with Concord. Tolerates a wide range of soil conditions. Absence of cultural problems makes this variety recommended for difficult growin...
  17. Fredonia

    Fredonia is an early Concord-type, ripening about two weeks earlier. Valued for both table grape production and for wine.
  18. Golden Muscat

    An older Cornell release, Golden Muscat was first promoted as a table grape. It produces very large, well-filled clusters of large, oval, amber-colored berries. When fully ripe the flavor is rich, when not fully ri...
  19. Isabella

    In the early 1800s, Isabella was widely planted in the North Atlantic and New England States where Catawba could not reliably ripen, but it fell out of favor after Concord was introduced. Isabella can withstand tro...
  20. John Viola

    John Viola appears to have both Labrusca and Riparia in its background. It has small, deep blue conical berries, lacks the high acidity typically found in Riparia hybrids, and ripens several weeks earlier than Conco...
  21. Kee Wah Din

    Meaning "north wind", Kee Wah Din produces small clusters of small blue-black berries. Wine must is considered to be similar to Baco Noir (one of its parents) with higher acidity.
  22. King of the North

    King of the North is a Labrusca type grape that produces medium to large, round, dark, slipskin berries that are juicy and tart. Not typically used for wine as it is acidic with strong Labrusca characteristics.
  23. Lorelei

    Lorelei produces a white seeded table grape with a pleasant melting texture. The flavor of Lorelei is mild labrusca with light muscat and tropical fruit flavors.
  24. McCampbell

    McCampbell is a bud sport of Fredonia, similar in all respects except having much larger clusters.
  25. New York Muscat

    New York Muscat produces reddish-black fruit with fine muscat flavor. Used for sweet muscat wines and as a dosage in champagne, its largest drawback is lack of winter hardiness.
  26. Niagara

    Niagara is an attractive, productive and vigorous variety with large, slipskin berries, juicy with a strong foxy flavor. Niagara is the leading green grape grown in the United States, used as a table grape and for j...
  27. Norton (Cynthiana)

    Norton (also known as Cynthiana) is a V. labruscana x V. aestivalis hybrid with a long history in eastern US wine production, particularly in Missouri and Virginia. Norton produces small to medium clusters of firm,...
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  28. Oberlin Noir

    Widely planted in France, Oberlin Noir is a care-free, hardy plant used to produce tannic, somewhat rustic red wine with good aging capability.
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  29. Ontario

    Ontario is probably most notable for its use in the grape breeding program at Cornell University. It produces very sweet, small, white to light yellow grapes with large, loosely filled clusters and has good disease...
  30. Schuyler

    Schuyler is extremely productive, with large clusters of soft, juicy black berries largely lacking Labrusca flavors. Used as a table grape and for the production of a neutral light red wine.
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