Hardiness Zone 4

  1. RIPARIA

    Riparia is shallow-rooted, highly resistant to phylloxera and tolerant of water logged soil. It is most often used in grafting when vigor control is desired in order to produce high quality fruit on vigorous scion v...
  2. 101-14

    Standard rootstock in Eastern US. Vigorous mostly sterile female variety with attractive leaves and shoots. Used for decorative arbors where fruit is not wanted, does well on clay soils...
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  3. America

    America is described in The Grapes of New York (Hedrick, 1907) as being one of the best native grapes for a dark wine and to make a very good port, lacking the foxy taste of Concord and Niagara. It is a PD resistan...
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  4. Beta

    Beta is extremely hardy with good resistance to most diseases. Once the most widely grown grape in Minnesota where it is popular for its hardiness and juice and jelly quality.
  5. Bluebell

    Bluebell resembles Concord in size and color but matures earlier and is more cold hardy than Concord.
  6. Catawba

    Widely grown in Ohio and Central NY as early as the mid 19th century and widely used for sparkling wine, Catawba was the most popular grape cultivated in the US prior to the introduction of Concord, and was the majo...
  7. Concord

    Concord is the most famous American grape, described by Horace Greeley as "the grape for the millions" with vigorous, hardy and productive vines that produce medium-sized clusters bearing large blue-black berries. C...
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  8. Edelweiss

    Developed as a table grape, Edelweiss has medium-sized berries on large loose clusters. Wine is usually finished sweet and has pineapple overtones; fruit should be harvested at 14°- 16° brix to avoid strong Labr...
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  9. Fredonia

    Fredonia is an early Concord-type, ripening about two weeks earlier. Valued for both table grape production and for wine.
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  10. Ives

    Rare, jet-black variety with loose, medium-sized clusters and berries. Can be used to make deep red wines, typically with strong foxy flavor and odor that can improve with time; still used in commercial juice produ...
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  11. La Crosse

    La Crosse is a sister seedling of St. Pepin but does not require cross polination (it is self-fertile). Produces an aromatic varietal wine, sometimes fermented with oak, and also used for blending with lighter wines...
  12. Norton (Cynthiana)

    Norton (also known as Cynthiana) is a V. labruscana x V. aestivalis hybrid with a long history in eastern US wine production, particularly in Missouri and Virginia. Norton produces small to medium clusters of firm,...
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  13. Norton (Cynthiana) - Grafted

    Norton (also known as Cynthiana) is a V. labruscana x V. aestivalis hybrid with a long history in eastern US wine production, particularly in Missouri and Virginia. Norton produces small to medium clusters of firm,...
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  14. Prairie Star

    Prairie Star is a vigorous vine that produces long, loose clusters, is moderately productive, and does not require cluster thinning. Prairie Star can produce wines that lack foxiness with good hybrid wine quality.
  15. Sheridan

    Sheridan produces large, compact clusters with large, black Concord-type berries. Fruit ripens late, extending the season for those who like Concord-type grapes.
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  16. SO-4

    SO4 is a relatively vigorous rootstock variety that also works well for arbors.
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  17. St. Croix

    St. Croix produces wines that have been compared to a light to medium burgundy. Sugar content and tannins are low at maturity, but St. Croix has been used both as a varietal and for blending.
  18. St. Pepin

    A sister seedling of La Crosse, St. Pepin typically produces fruit with low acidity and is used for German style white wines and for ice wine. Not self-pollinated so must be planted near another variety that blooms...
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  19. Steuben

    Steuben produces medium to large, compact clusters of medium-sized, spherical slipskin berries with a spicy tang. Steuben can produce an aromatic white, blush, or rosé wine.
  20. Sunbelt

    Sunbelt is a Concord-type recommended for southern climates where Concord is not well adapted. Vines are productive and fruit ripens more evenly than Concord in warmer climates.
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  21. Swenson Red

    Swenson Red produces medium to large conical clusters with large, round, non-slipskin berries with firm flesh. Can be used to make a distinctive white wine as fermentation on the skins is not recommended.
  22. Swenson White

    Swenson White has thick-skinned berries that hang well into the fall. The fruit has a pronounced floral aroma that does not develop strong foxy flavors. May be a good candidate for ice wine.
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  23. Valiant

    Valiant is extremely winter hardy and produces small, compact clusters of small berries that ripen reliably. It is used for juice and jelly where other varieties are not hardy enough to be grown.
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  24. Van Buren

    Van Buren is a Concord-type table grape with average size purple-black slipskin berries, ripening 3-4 weeks before Concord.
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  25. Worden

    Worden is a highly-productive blue-black variety with medium to large clusters with large, round berries covered with heavy blue bloom. Fruit is slip-skin and excellent for fresh eating.
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