Hardiness Zone 4

  1. America

    America is described in The Grapes of New York (Hedrick, 1907) as being one of the best native grapes for a dark wine and to make a very good port, lacking the foxy taste of Concord and Niagara. It is a PD resistan...
  2. Concord

    Concord is the most famous American grape, described by Horace Greeley as "the grape for the millions" with vigorous, hardy and productive vines that produce medium-sized clusters bearing large blue-black berries. C...
  3. Fredonia

    Fredonia is an early Concord-type, ripening about two weeks earlier. Valued for both table grape production and for wine.
  4. Frontenac

    Frontenac produces grapes with high sugar and high acidity used to produce dry red wine, rosé, and port. Wines typically present aromas of cherry and other red fruits. Acid reducing techniques are often used by the...
  5. Geneva Red

    Geneva Red is highly vigorous and highly productive. Can make a dark red wine with classic hybrid aroma and with better tannin structure than other hybrids such as Baco Noir and De Chaunac.
  6. Ives

    Rare, jet-black variety with loose, medium-sized clusters and berries. Can be used to make deep red wines, typically with strong foxy flavor and odor that can improve with time; still used in commercial juice produ...
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  7. Landot Noir (Landot 4511)

    Landot Noir has both late bud break and early maturity, making it suitable for short-season climates. Makes a mild, fruity red wine used as a varietal or for blending.
  8. Léon Millot

    Léon Millot is a sister of Marechal Foch, earlier-ripening and typically more productive. Wines are similar to those made from Foch with distinct berry aromas and are often blended with Foch.
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  9. Maréchal Foch

    Maréchal Foch is an early ripening black grape with small berries and clusters, often susceptible to bird predation. It can be made into a variety of wines ranging from light and fruity to full-bodied.
  10. Marquette

    Marquette is rapidly becoming the most popular northern red grape variety. Typically maturing with high sugar content and moderate acidity, Marquette can produce complex wines with attractive ruby color and pronoun...
  11. Norton (Cynthiana)

    Norton (also known as Cynthiana) is a V. labruscana x V. aestivalis hybrid with a long history in eastern US wine production, particularly in Missouri and Virginia. Norton produces small to medium clusters of firm,...
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  12. Norton (Cynthiana) - Grafted

    Norton (also known as Cynthiana) is a V. labruscana x V. aestivalis hybrid with a long history in eastern US wine production, particularly in Missouri and Virginia. Norton produces small to medium clusters of firm,...
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  13. Sheridan

    Sheridan produces large, compact clusters with large, black Concord-type berries. Fruit ripens late, extending the season for those who like Concord-type grapes.
  14. St. Croix

    St. Croix produces wines that have been compared to a light to medium burgundy. Sugar content and tannins are low at maturity, but St. Croix has been used both as a varietal and for blending.
  15. Steuben

    Steuben produces medium to large, compact clusters of medium-sized, spherical slipskin berries with a spicy tang. Steuben can produce an aromatic white, blush, or rosé wine.
  16. Valiant

    Valiant is extremely winter hardy and produces small, compact clusters of small berries that ripen reliably. It is used for juice and jelly where other varieties are not hardy enough to be grown.
  17. Van Buren

    Van Buren is a Concord-type table grape with average size purple-black slipskin berries, ripening 3-4 weeks before Concord.
  18. Worden

    Worden is a highly-productive blue-black variety with medium to large clusters with large, round berries covered with heavy blue bloom. Fruit is slip-skin and excellent for fresh eating.
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