Hybrid Varieties

  1. Alpenglow

    Alpenglow produces light red berries, only turning color when exposed to sunlight. This Swenson selection makes a light, neutral wine with very low acid and sugar. Suitable as a blending component for varieties with...
  2. Arandell

    First release from Dr. Bruce Reisch's "no spray" grape breeding program at the New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, Geneva. High disease resistance and potential to produce red wines of good quality. Good...
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  3. Aromella

    Aromella is a recent Cornell release capable of making a top ranked floral to muscat wine. Own-rooted vines have been highly productive and highly vigorous with large, loose clusters. Some fruit shelling has been ob...
  4. Aromella - Grafted

    Aromella is a recent Cornell release capable of making a top ranked floral to muscat wine. Own-rooted vines have been highly productive and highly vigorous with large, loose clusters. Some fruit shelling has been ob...
  5. Aurore

    Grown primarily in the cooler regions of the US with very early ripening and good winter hardiness, Aurore is a white to pink variety that is vigorous and ripens about a month before Concord. Aurore is often used as...
  6. Baco Noir

    Baco is an extremely vigorous variety that is best grown on heavy soils. Its fruit is usually high in acid, producing wines of good quality that are deeply pigmented and fruity.
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  7. Brianna

    Brianna is a relatively easy to grow variety with good disease resistance and winter hardiness. Produces light, semi-sweet table wines with grapefruit, tropical, and floral characteristics, with a pronounced pineapp...
  8. Cayuga White

    Cayuga White is one of the most productive and disease resistant varieties grown in New York and was Cornell University's first variety released specifically for winemaking. This versatile grape can be made into a s...
  9. Chambourcin

    Chambourcin is a late ripening grape that can produce a highly rated red wine when fully mature. It requires a long growing season and at least 3000 GDD to fully mature. Vines tend to over-produce, so some cluster t...
  10. Chancellor

    Chancellor is considered among the better French-American varieties in terms of wine quality. It can produce a medium-bodied wine that ages well. Vines tend to be over-productive and may require some cluster thinn...
  11. Chardonel

    Chardonel is a productive, late-ripening white wine grape with improved winter hardiness over its Chardonnay parent. Can produce an excellent white wine when fruit is mature. Like Chardonnay, wines can be fermented...
  12. Chelois

    Chelois is a highly ranked French-American variety used as a varietal or for blending with other red hybrids. Like many French-American hybrids, it may require cluster thinning to prevent overcropping. Chelois comb...
  13. Colobel

    Colobel produces a heavily pigmented juice useful for blending as a coloring agent, but wine quality by itself is considered poor. The blue-black berries ripen late.
  14. Corot Noir

    Corot Noir produces distinctive deep red wine with attractive berry and cherry aromas and can be used for varietal wine production or for blending. Corot Noir is considered to represent a distinct improvement in re...
  15. Corot Noir – Grafted

    Corot Noir produces distinctive deep red wine with attractive berry and cherry aromas and can be used for varietal wine production or for blending. Corot Noir is considered to represent a distinct improvement in re...
  16. DeChaunac

    DeChaunac is a productive, vigorous variety with large, loose clusters resistant to bunch rots. Cluster thinning is usually required to produce quality wines as overcropped vines are known to produce relatively low...
  17. Enchantment

    Enchantment, formerly known only as A2467, is a red wine grape producing a nice dry, robust red. This medium-vigor vine has a very intense color that can be used in blending for pigmentation or as it's own varietal.
  18. Esprit

    Esprit produces large clusters of large white berries with a mild fruity flavor. Swenson described wines from Esprit as excellent and absent of Labrusca flavor and aroma. One of the least hardy Swenson crosses.
  19. Frontenac

    Frontenac produces grapes with high sugar and high acidity used to produce dry red wine, rosé, and port. Wines typically present aromas of cherry and other red fruits. Acid reducing techniques are often used by the...
  20. Frontenac Blanc

    Frontenac Blanc is a white-fruited mutation of Frontenac. The variety is relatively new, early wine evaluation suggests it will produce wines distinctly different from Frontenac Gris.
  21. Frontenac Gris

    Frontenac Gris is a bud sport of Frontenac, identical in most respects but lacking dark skin color. Frontenac Gris is usually cold pressed to make a white wine that can present aromas of peach and apricot with hint...
  22. Geneva Red

    Geneva Red is highly vigorous and highly productive. Can make a dark red wine with classic hybrid aroma and with better tannin structure than other hybrids such as Baco Noir and De Chaunac.
  23. Itasca

    Itasca is the newest cold-hardy release out of the University of Minnesota Breeding program. Itasca produces a dry white wine that is light yellow to straw in color and has aromas of pear, quince, violet, melon, min...
  24. Ives

    Rare, jet-black variety with loose, medium-sized clusters and berries. Can be used to make deep red wines, typically with strong foxy flavor and odor that can improve with time; still used in commercial juice produ...
  25. Kay Gray

    Kay Gray has small, compact clusters of white to golden berries with mild and fruity Labrusca flavor. Typically makes a neutral wine and is best harvested at 16° to 18° brix to avoid the development of objectiona...
  26. L'Acadie Blanc

    L’Acadie blanc is a complex hybrid grown primarily in Nova Scotia where some consider it hardier than Seyval. Suitable for areas with cool, short growing seasons. Wines from fruit grown in warmer regions tend to...
  27. La Crescent

    La Crescent is one of the more popular Northern varieties and includes Muscat Hamburg in its geneology. La Crescent has high acidity and is used to produce off-dry to sweet wines, typically with apricot, peach, and...
  28. La Crosse

    La Crosse is a sister seedling of St. Pepin but does not require cross polination (it is self-fertile). Produces an aromatic varietal wine, sometimes fermented with oak, and also used for blending with lighter wines...
  29. Landot Noir (Landot 4511)

    Landot Noir has both late bud break and early maturity, making it suitable for short-season climates. Makes a mild, fruity red wine used as a varietal or for blending.
  30. Léon Millot

    Léon Millot is a sister of Marechal Foch, earlier-ripening and typically more productive. Wines are similar to those made from Foch with distinct berry aromas and are often blended with Foch.
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