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|Variety Origin||Elmer Swenson|
|Parents||ES 5-1-4 x Swenson Red|
|Pseudonym (Tested As)||ES 2-8-1|
|Harvest Season||Early Season|
|USDA Hardiness Zone||4|
|Sulfur Sensitivity||Slightly susceptible|
|Vine Vigor||Medium Vigor|
|Suggested Distance Between Vines||6 ft - 8 ft|
|Vine Training System||Top Wire Cordon|
|Bud Break||Mid-Season with Concord|
|Black Rot||Slightly susceptible|
|Downy Mildew||Moderately susceptible|
|Powdery Mildew||Moderately susceptible|
Top Wire Cordon is arguably the most efficient training system for grapes, especially for procumbent or downward growing cultivators, especially those not prone to late season fruit rots due to shading of the fruiting zone. Summer labor is much less than that required with Vertical Shoot Positioned (VSP) training as shoot positioning and leaf pulling are generally not required.