Hardiness Zone 4

  1. 101-14

    Standard rootstock in Eastern US. Vigorous mostly sterile female variety with attractive leaves and shoots. Used for decorative arbors where fruit is not wanted, does well on clay soils...
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  2. Alpenglow

    Alpenglow produces light red berries, only turning color when exposed to sunlight. This Swenson selection makes a light, neutral wine with very low acid and sugar. Suitable as a blending component for varieties with...
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  3. America

    America is described in The Grapes of New York (Hedrick, 1907) as being one of the best native grapes for a dark wine and to make a very good port, lacking the foxy taste of Concord and Niagara. It is a PD resistan...
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  4. Beta

    Beta is extremely hardy with good resistance to most diseases. Once the most widely grown grape in Minnesota where it is popular for its hardiness and juice and jelly quality.
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  5. Bluebell

    Bluebell resembles Concord in size and color but matures earlier and is more cold hardy than Concord.
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  6. Brianna

    Brianna is a relatively easy to grow variety with good disease resistance and winter hardiness. Produces light, semi-sweet table wines with grapefruit, tropical, and floral characteristics, with a pronounced pineapp...
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  7. Caco

    Caco produces large, full clusters of fancy, red berries. It is slipskin with sweet juicy flesh and aromatic grape flavor.
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  8. Campbell Early

    Campbell Early is an excellent early Concord type that ripens 2 weeks earlier than Concord. Produces a high quality grape that lacks the "foxy" taste of many Labrusca cultivars. Reaches full color before it reache...
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  9. Catawba

    Widely grown in Ohio and Central NY as early as the mid 19th century and widely used for sparkling wine, Catawba was the most popular grape cultivated in the US prior to the introduction of Concord, and was the majo...
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  10. Concord

    Concord is the most famous American grape, described by Horace Greeley as "the grape for the millions" with vigorous, hardy and productive vines that produce medium-sized clusters bearing large blue-black berries. C...
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  11. Concord - Grafted

    Concord is the most famous American grape, described by Horace Greeley as "the grape for the millions" with vigorous, hardy and productive vines that produce medium-sized clusters bearing large blue-black berries. C...
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  12. Concord Seedless

    A sport of Concord with clusters and berries smaller than Concord. Fruit matures earlier than Concord with good flavor; perfect for pies and preserves.
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  13. Corot Noir – Grafted

    Corot Noir produces distinctive deep red wine with attractive berry and cherry aromas and can be used for varietal wine production or for blending. Corot Noir is considered to represent a distinct improvement in re...
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  14. Couderc 3309

    Couderc 3309 is a standard rootstock in the eastern United States. It is a vigorous male sterile variety with attractive leaves and shoots. Great for decorative arbors where fruit is not wanted.
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  15. Delaware

    Referred to as "the best American table grape" in The Grapes of New York (Hedrick, 1907), Delaware is an early-ripening red variety with small berries and clusters, and mild flavor. Of the labrusca types, it has the...
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  16. Edelweiss

    Developed as a table grape, Edelweiss has medium-sized berries on large loose clusters. Wine is usually finished sweet and has pineapple overtones; fruit should be harvested at 14°- 16° brix to avoid strong Labr...
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  17. Elvira

    Elvira is vigorous and hardy, producing medium-sized white berries that ripen with Concord. Tolerates a wide range of soil conditions. Absence of cultural problems makes this variety recommended for difficult growin...
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  18. Esprit

    Esprit produces large clusters of large white berries with a mild fruity flavor. Swenson described wines from Esprit as excellent and absent of Labrusca flavor and aroma. One of the least hardy Swenson crosses.
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  19. Fredonia

    Fredonia is an early Concord-type, ripening about two weeks earlier. Valued for both table grape production and for wine.
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  20. Frontenac

    Frontenac produces grapes with high sugar and high acidity used to produce dry red wine, rosé, and port. Wines typically present aromas of cherry and other red fruits. Acid reducing techniques are often used by the...
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  21. Frontenac Blanc

    Frontenac Blanc is a white-fruited mutation of Frontenac. The variety is relatively new, early wine evaluation suggests it will produce wines distinctly different from Frontenac Gris.
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  22. Frontenac Gris

    Frontenac Gris is a bud sport of Frontenac, identical in most respects but lacking dark skin color. Frontenac Gris is usually cold pressed to make a white wine that can present aromas of peach and apricot with hint...
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  23. Geneva Red

    Geneva Red is highly vigorous and highly productive. Can make a dark red wine with classic hybrid aroma and with better tannin structure than other hybrids such as Baco Noir and De Chaunac.
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  24. Itasca

    Itasca is the newest cold-hardy release out of the University of Minnesota Breeding program. Itasca produces a dry white wine that is light yellow to straw in color and has aromas of pear, quince, violet, melon, min...
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  25. Ives

    Rare, jet-black variety with loose, medium-sized clusters and berries. Can be used to make deep red wines, typically with strong foxy flavor and odor that can improve with time; still used in commercial juice produ...
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  26. Ives - Grafted

    Rare, jet-black variety with loose, medium-sized clusters and berries. Can be used to make deep red wines, typically with strong foxy flavor and odor that can improve with time; still used in commercial juice produ...
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  27. John Viola

    John Viola appears to have both Labrusca and Riparia in its background. It has small, deep blue conical berries, lacks the high acidity typically found in Riparia hybrids, and ripens several weeks earlier than Conco...
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  28. Kay Gray

    Kay Gray has small, compact clusters of white to golden berries with mild and fruity Labrusca flavor. Typically makes a neutral wine and is best harvested at 16° to 18° brix to avoid the development of objectiona...
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  29. Kee Wah Din

    Meaning "north wind", Kee Wah Din produces small clusters of small blue-black berries. Wine must is considered to be similar to Baco Noir (one of its parents) with higher acidity.
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  30. King of the North

    King of the North is a Labrusca type grape that produces medium to large, round, dark, slipskin berries that are juicy and tart. Not typically used for wine as it is acidic with strong Labrusca characteristics.
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