Hybrid Varieties

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  • Aromella
    Aromella is a recent Cornell release capable of making a top ranked floral to muscat wine. Own-rooted vines have been highly productive and highly vigorous with large, loose clusters. Some fruit shelling has been observe...
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  • Aurore
    Grown primarily in the cooler regions of the US with very early ripening and good winter hardiness, Aurore is a white to pink variety that is vigorous and ripens about a month before Concord. Aurore is often used as a bl...
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  • Baco Noir
    Baco is an extremely vigorous variety that is best grown on heavy soils. Its fruit is usually high in acid, producing wines of good quality that are deeply pigmented and fruity.
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  • Brianna
    Brianna is a relatively easy to grow variety with good disease resistance and winter hardiness. Produces light, semi-sweet table wines with grapefruit, tropical, and floral characteristics, with a pronounced pineapple no...
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  • Cayuga White
    Cayuga White is one of the most productive and disease resistant varieties grown in New York and was Cornell University's first variety released specifically for winemaking. This versatile grape can be made into a semi-d...
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  • Chambourcin
    Chambourcin is a late ripening grape that can produce a highly rated red wine when fully mature. It requires a long growing season and at least 3000 GDD to fully mature. Vines tend to over-produce, so some cluster thinni...
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  • Chancellor
    Chancellor is considered among the better French-American varieties in terms of wine quality. It can produce a medium-bodied wine that ages well. Vines tend to be over-productive and may require some cluster thinning. ...
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  • Chardonel
    Chardonel is a productive, late-ripening white wine grape with improved winter hardiness over its Chardonnay parent. Can produce an excellent white wine when fruit is mature. Like Chardonnay, wines can be fermented and a...
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  • Chelois
    Chelois is a highly ranked French-American variety used as a varietal or for blending with other red hybrids. Like many French-American hybrids, it may require cluster thinning to prevent overcropping. Chelois combines ...
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  • COROT NOIR
    Corot Noir produces distinctive deep red wine with attractive berry and cherry aromas and can be used for varietal wine production or for blending. Corot Noir is considered to represent a distinct improvement in red win...
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  • DeChaunac
    DeChaunac is a productive, vigorous variety with large, loose clusters resistant to bunch rots. Cluster thinning is usually required to produce quality wines as overcropped vines are known to produce relatively low qual...
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  • Frontenac
    Frontenac produces grapes with high sugar and high acidity used to produce dry red wine, rosé, and port. Wines typically present aromas of cherry and other red fruits. Acid reducing techniques are often used by the wine...
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  • Frontenac Blanc
    Frontenac Blanc is a white-fruited mutation of Frontenac. The variety is relatively new, early wine evaluation suggests it will produce wines distinctly different from Frontenac Gris.
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  • Frontenac Gris
    Frontenac Gris is a bud sport of Frontenac, identical in most respects but lacking dark skin color. Frontenac Gris is usually cold pressed to make a white wine that can present aromas of peach and apricot with hints of ...
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  • La Crescent
    La Crescent is one of the more popular Northern varieties and includes Muscat Hamburg in its geneology. La Crescent has high acidity and is used to produce off-dry to sweet wines, typically with apricot, peach, and citr...
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  • La Crosse
    La Crosse is a sister seedling of St. Pepin but does not require cross polination (it is self-fertile). Produces an aromatic varietal wine, sometimes fermented with oak, and also used for blending with lighter wines to a...
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  • Landot Noir (Landot 4511)
    Landot Noir has both late bud break and early maturity, making it suitable for short-season climates. Makes a mild, fruity red wine used as a varietal or for blending.
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  • Léon Millot
    Léon Millot is a sister of Marechal Foch, earlier-ripening and typically more productive. Wines are similar to those made from Foch with distinct berry aromas and are often blended with Foch.
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  • Louise Swenson
    Louise Swenson produces small to medium-sized clusters of round, medium-sized berries that turn yellow-gold when ripe. It has naturally low sugar with moderate acidity, wines are light-bodied with a delicate aroma of hon...
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  • Maréchal Foch
    Maréchal Foch is an early ripening black grape with small berries and clusters, often susceptible to bird predation. It can be made into a variety of wines ranging from light and fruity to full-bodied.
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  • Marquette
    Marquette is rapidly becoming the most popular northern red grape variety. Typically maturing with high sugar content and moderate acidity, Marquette can produce complex wines with attractive ruby color and pronounced t...
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  • Noiret
    Noiret produces an excellent full-bodied, richly colored wine. The wines can resemble Shiraz (Syrah) with a distinct black pepper character, moderate tannins, and notes of raspberry, blackberry and mint. Vines are vigoro...
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  • Noiret – Grafted
    Noiret produces an excellent full-bodied, richly colored wine. The wines can resemble Shiraz (Syrah) with a distinct black pepper character, moderate tannins, and notes of raspberry, blackberry and mint. Vines are vigoro...
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  • NY81.0315.17-GRAFTED
    NY 81.0315.17 is sold only as grafted vines as own-rooted vines are not sufficiently vigorous in most locations. Excellent wine quality potential with much less susceptibility to botrytis bunch rot than its Riesling par...
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