Grapevines by Rootstock

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  • Albariño - Grafted
    Widely grown in Galacia (northwest Spain) and Portugal (where it is known as Alvarinho), Albariño produces distinctive, aromatic, high quality wines, one of the few Spanish white varieties used to produce a varietal win...
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  • Arandell- Grafted
    First release from Dr. Bruce Reisch's "no spray" grape breeding program at the New York State Agricultural Experiment Station, Geneva. High disease resistance and potential to produce red wines of good quality. Good resi...
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  • Auxerrois - Grafted
    Auxerrois is a full sibling of Chardonnay. Widely grown in the Alsace region of France where it produces a relatively low acid wine used for blending and as a varietal.
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  • Barbera - Grafted
    Grown primarily in the Piedmont, Barbera is the second most planted variety in Italy. It has a high level of natural acidity even when fully ripe, so is best suited for hot climates.
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  • Cabernet Sauvignon - Grafted
    Cabernet Sauvignon is a vigorous, variety with late bud break and late maturity. It is one of the world's most widely renowned red wine varieties, grown in nearly every major wine producing country among a diverse spectr...
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  • Cayuga White - Grafted
    Cayuga White is one of the most productive and disease resistant varieties grown in New York and was Cornell University's first variety released specifically for winemaking. This versatile grape can be made into a semi-d...
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  • Chambourcin - Grafted
    Chambourcin is a late ripening grape that can produce a highly rated red wine when fully mature. It requires a long growing season and at least 3000 GDD to fully mature. Vines tend to over-produce, so some cluster thinni...
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  • Chardonel - Grafted
    Chardonel is a productive, late-ripening white wine grape with improved winter hardiness over its Chardonnay parent. Can produce an excellent white wine when fruit is mature. Like Chardonnay, wines can be fermented and a...
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  • Concord - Grafted
    Concord is the most famous American grape, described by Horace Greeley as "the grape for the millions" with vigorous, hardy and productive vines that produce medium-sized clusters bearing large blue-black berries. Concor...
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  • Dornfelder - Grafted
    Dornfelder is considered to be the most successful red German vinifera cross with substantial plantings in the late 20th Century. The wine is notable for its depth of color, good acidity, attractive aromatics, and abili...
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  • Gewürztraminer - Grafted
    Gewürztraminer is a musqué mutation of Traminer that produces compact clusters of small, spicy, pinkish-red grapes with high natural sugar and low acidity, so is best suited for cooler climates. The best wines exhibit ...
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  • Gruner Veltliner - Grafted
    Gruner Veltliner is the most planted grape variety in Austria and is widely grown in eastern Europe, but too late-ripening for more northern regions. Wines are typically finished dry and are peppery or spicy.
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  • Ives - Grafted
    Rare, jet-black variety with loose, medium-sized clusters and berries. Can be used to make deep red wines, typically with strong foxy flavor and odor that can improve with time; still used in commercial juice production...
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  • Kerner - Grafted
    Considered a success story of modern German vine breeding, Kerner became widely planted in Germany in the 1990s. Typically used to make high quality wines similar to Riesling in many respects including high acidity, but...
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  • Malbec - Grafted
    Malbec was once popular in Bordeaux, but plantings have declined as it is susceptible to various viticultural hazards such as frost, coulure, and bunch rot. Known to require a milder climate than varieties such as Merlot...
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  • Merlot - Grafted
    Merlot is Bourdeaux's most planted grape variety, known for its smooth texture and outstanding varietal wines, but often blended with Cabernet Sauvignon. Earlier ripening than Cabernet Sauvignon, but not as winter hardy.
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  • Mourvédre - Grafted
    Mourvédre is Spain's second-leading red variety (after Grenache) and is also a popular variety in southern France, and has been grown in California since the 1870s. Mourvédre needs a very warm climate with long summers...
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  • Muscat Ottonel - Grafted
    Muscat Ottonel is earlier ripening than other vinifera muscats and is the leading muscat in Alsace. Probably bred as a table grape, Muscat Ottonel has subdued muscat flavor and is used to produce dry table to late harve...
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  • Noiret – Grafted
    Noiret produces an excellent full-bodied, richly colored wine. The wines can resemble Shiraz (Syrah) with a distinct black pepper character, moderate tannins, and notes of raspberry, blackberry and mint. Vines are vigoro...
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  • Norton (Cynthiana) - Grafted
    Norton (also known as Cynthiana) is a V. labruscana x V. aestivalis hybrid with a long history in eastern US wine production, particularly in Missouri and Virginia. Norton produces small to medium clusters of firm, roun...
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  • Pinot Blanc - Grafted
    Likely discovered in Burgundy in the late 19th century as a sport of Pinot Gris (itself a sport of Pinot Noir), Pinot Blanc is widely planted in central Europe. Sometimes confused with Chardonnay but often known for its ...
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  • Pinot Gris - Grafted
    Pinot Gris is a lighter-skinned mutation of Pinot Noir that produces small, compact clusters of berries ranging in color from pink, to coppery-gray, to brownish-pink, even within the same cluster. Its low acidity makes t...
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