101-14 Rootstock

  1. Albariño - Grafted

    Widely grown in Galacia (northwest Spain) and Portugal (where it is known as Alvarinho), Albariño produces distinctive, aromatic, high quality wines, one of the few Spanish white varieties used to produce a varieta...
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  2. Alvarinho (Albariño) - Grafted

    Portugal's version of Albariño which is widely grown in Galacia (northwest Spain). Alvarinho produces distinctive, aromatic, high quality wines. Grown in a humid, maritime climate, it has thick skin making it resis...
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  3. Auxerrois - Grafted

    Auxerrois is a full sibling of Chardonnay. Widely grown in the Alsace region of France where it produces a relatively low acid wine used for blending and as a varietal.
  4. Barbera - Grafted

    Grown primarily in the Piedmont, Barbera is the second most planted variety in Italy. It has a high level of natural acidity even when fully ripe, so is best suited for hot climates.
  5. Cabernet Franc - Grafted

    A component of many Bordeaux blends, Cabernet Franc matures earlier than Cabernet Sauvignon and is more suitable for cooler climates. One of the more winter hardy vinifera varieties, it is becoming more popular in...
  6. Cabernet Sauvignon - Grafted

    Cabernet Sauvignon is a vigorous, variety with late bud break and late maturity. It is one of the world's most widely renowned red wine varieties, grown in nearly every major wine producing country among a diverse s...
  7. Cayuga White - Grafted

    Cayuga White is one of the most productive and disease resistant varieties grown in New York and was Cornell University's first variety released specifically for winemaking. This versatile grape can be made into a s...
  8. Chambourcin - Grafted

    Chambourcin is a late ripening grape that can produce a highly rated red wine when fully mature. It requires a long growing season and at least 3000 GDD to fully mature. Vines tend to over-produce, so some cluster t...
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  9. Chardonel - Grafted

    Chardonel is a productive, late-ripening white wine grape with improved winter hardiness over its Chardonnay parent. Can produce an excellent white wine when fruit is mature. Like Chardonnay, wines can be fermented...
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  10. Chardonnay - Grafted

    The standard of white wine grapes, Chardonnay can be used to make a wide range of wine styles from "fruit forward" wines fermented in stainless, to buttery wines fermented or finished with oak. Chardonnay is the pri...
  11. Dornfelder - Grafted

    Dornfelder is considered to be the most successful red German vinifera cross with substantial plantings in the late 20th Century. The wine is notable for its depth of color, good acidity, attractive aromatics, and...
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  12. Gewürztraminer - Grafted

    Gewürztraminer is a musqué mutation of Traminer that produces compact clusters of small, spicy, pinkish-red grapes with high natural sugar and low acidity, so is best suited for cooler climates. The best wines exh...
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  13. Gruner Veltliner - Grafted

    Gruner Veltliner is the most planted grape variety in Austria and is widely grown in eastern Europe, but too late-ripening for more northern regions. Wines are typically finished dry and are peppery or spicy.
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  14. Kerner - Grafted

    Considered a success story of modern German vine breeding, Kerner became widely planted in Germany in the 1990s. Typically used to make high quality wines similar to Riesling in many respects including high acidity...
  15. Lemberger - Grafted

    Not to be confused with cheese, Lemberger is used to produce low acid, varietal wines. It is gaining a reputation in the Finger Lakes region of NY as a variety with good wine potential and easier to grow than Pinot...
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  16. Malbec - Grafted

    Malbec was once popular in Bordeaux, but plantings have declined as it is susceptible to various viticultural hazards such as frost, coulure, and bunch rot. Known to require a milder climate than varieties such as M...
  17. Malvasia Bianca - Grafted

    Whether sweet or dry, Malvasia Bianca offers delightful aromas and flavors of honey and ripe Bosc pears with hints of allspice. Round, lushly fruity flavors and a plush texture lead to a finish that is determined by...
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  18. Merlot - Grafted

    Merlot is Bourdeaux's most planted grape variety, known for its smooth texture and outstanding varietal wines, but often blended with Cabernet Sauvignon. Earlier ripening than Cabernet Sauvignon, but not as winter h...
  19. Mourvédre - Grafted

    Mourvédre is Spain's second-leading red variety (after Grenache) and is also a popular variety in southern France, and has been grown in California since the 1870s. Mourvédre needs a very warm climate with long su...
  20. Muscat Ottonel - Grafted

    Muscat Ottonel is earlier ripening than other vinifera muscats and is the leading muscat in Alsace. Probably bred as a table grape, Muscat Ottonel has subdued muscat flavor and is used to produce dry table to late...
  21. Noiret – Grafted

    Noiret produces an excellent full-bodied, richly colored wine. The wines can resemble Shiraz (Syrah) with a distinct black pepper character, moderate tannins, and notes of raspberry, blackberry and mint. Vines are v...
  22. Norton (Cynthiana) - Grafted

    Norton (also known as Cynthiana) is a V. labruscana x V. aestivalis hybrid with a long history in eastern US wine production, particularly in Missouri and Virginia. Norton produces small to medium clusters of firm,...
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  23. Petit Manseng - Grafted

    Petit Manseng is a high quality wine grape with small, thick-skinned berries that yield little juice but can hang well.
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  24. Petit Verdot - Grafted

    Petit Verdot is one of the classic black Bordeaux varieties. It is known for high quality where it can fully ripen, which is later than that of Cabernet Sauvignon.
  25. Pinot Blanc - Grafted

    Likely discovered in Burgundy in the late 19th century as a sport of Pinot Gris (itself a sport of Pinot Noir), Pinot Blanc is widely planted in central Europe. Sometimes confused with Chardonnay but often known for...
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  26. Pinot Gris - Grafted

    Pinot Gris is a lighter-skinned mutation of Pinot Noir that produces small, compact clusters of berries ranging in color from pink, to coppery-gray, to brownish-pink, even within the same cluster. Its low acidity ma...
  27. Pinot Noir - Grafted

    Pinot Noir is the classic red Burgundy cultivar, it ripens best under cool, dry conditions and is best suited for cool but moderate climates. Wines are lower in tannins and pigments than the other great French wine...
  28. Pinotage - Grafted

    Pinotage is a uniquely South African vinifera variety that has achieved international success. Pinotage can produce rich, long-lasting and deep colored wines that age well in oak.
  29. Regent - Grafted

    Regent is a relatively new German hybrid, mostly vinifera, with good fungal disease resistance. Regent wines can have intense color, high tannins, moderate acidity, and show aromas of cherry and black currant.
  30. Riesling - Grafted

    Riesling is the noble grape variety of Germany, one of the most hardy vinifera varieties best suited for cooler climates and highly susceptible to Botrytis infection. Riesling is made in a wide range of wine styles...
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