Hardiness Zone 4

  1. RIPARIA

    Riparia is shallow-rooted, highly resistant to phylloxera and tolerant of water logged soil. It is most often used in grafting when vigor control is desired in order to produce high quality fruit on vigorous scion v...
  2. 101-14

    Standard rootstock in Eastern US. Vigorous mostly sterile female variety with attractive leaves and shoots. Used for decorative arbors where fruit is not wanted, does well on clay soils...
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  3. 1103P

    1103P rootstock provides high scion vigor and is tolerant of high alkalinity (high pH soils), high salinity (salt content), and cotton root rot (generally an issue in high pH soils). It is poor at taking up potassi...
  4. 3309 (Couderc 3309)

    Couderc 3309 is a standard rootstock in the eastern United States. It is a vigorous male sterile variety with attractive leaves and shoots. Great for decorative arbors where fruit is not wanted.
  5. Alpenglow

    Alpenglow produces light red berries, only turning color when exposed to sunlight. This Swenson selection makes a light, neutral wine with very low acid and sugar. Suitable as a blending component for varieties with...
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  6. America

    America is described in The Grapes of New York (Hedrick, 1907) as being one of the best native grapes for a dark wine and to make a very good port, lacking the foxy taste of Concord and Niagara. It is a PD resistan...
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  7. Beta

    Beta is extremely hardy with good resistance to most diseases. Once the most widely grown grape in Minnesota where it is popular for its hardiness and juice and jelly quality.
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  8. Bluebell

    Bluebell resembles Concord in size and color but matures earlier and is more cold hardy than Concord.
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  9. Brianna

    Brianna is a relatively easy to grow variety with good disease resistance and winter hardiness. Produces light, semi-sweet table wines with grapefruit, tropical, and floral characteristics, with a pronounced pineapp...
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  10. Catawba

    Widely grown in Ohio and Central NY as early as the mid 19th century and widely used for sparkling wine, Catawba was the most popular grape cultivated in the US prior to the introduction of Concord, and was the majo...
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  11. Concord

    Concord is the most famous American grape, described by Horace Greeley as "the grape for the millions" with vigorous, hardy and productive vines that produce medium-sized clusters bearing large blue-black berries. C...
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  12. Delaware

    Referred to as "the best American table grape" in The Grapes of New York (Hedrick, 1907), Delaware is an early-ripening red variety with small berries and clusters, and mild flavor. Of the labrusca types, it has the...
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  13. Edelweiss

    Developed as a table grape, Edelweiss has medium-sized berries on large loose clusters. Wine is usually finished sweet and has pineapple overtones; fruit should be harvested at 14°- 16° brix to avoid strong Labr...
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  14. Elvira

    Elvira is vigorous and hardy, producing medium-sized white berries that ripen with Concord. Tolerates a wide range of soil conditions. Absence of cultural problems makes this variety recommended for difficult growin...
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  15. Fredonia

    Fredonia is an early Concord-type, ripening about two weeks earlier. Valued for both table grape production and for wine.
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  16. Frontenac

    Frontenac produces grapes with high sugar and high acidity used to produce dry red wine, rosé, and port. Wines typically present aromas of cherry and other red fruits. Acid reducing techniques are often used by the...
  17. Frontenac Blanc

    Frontenac Blanc is a white-fruited mutation of Frontenac. The variety is relatively new, early wine evaluation suggests it will produce wines distinctly different from Frontenac Gris.
  18. Frontenac Gris

    Frontenac Gris is a bud sport of Frontenac, identical in most respects but lacking dark skin color. Frontenac Gris is usually cold pressed to make a white wine that can present aromas of peach and apricot with hint...
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  19. Geneva Red

    Geneva Red is highly vigorous and highly productive. Can make a dark red wine with classic hybrid aroma and with better tannin structure than other hybrids such as Baco Noir and De Chaunac.
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  20. Ives

    Rare, jet-black variety with loose, medium-sized clusters and berries. Can be used to make deep red wines, typically with strong foxy flavor and odor that can improve with time; still used in commercial juice produ...
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  21. King of the North

    King of the North is a Labrusca type grape that produces medium to large, round, dark, slipskin berries that are juicy and tart. Not typically used for wine as it is acidic with strong Labrusca characteristics.
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  22. La Crescent

    La Crescent is one of the more popular Northern varieties and includes Muscat Hamburg in its geneology. La Crescent has high acidity and is used to produce off-dry to sweet wines, typically with apricot, peach, and...
  23. La Crosse

    La Crosse is a sister seedling of St. Pepin but does not require cross polination (it is self-fertile). Produces an aromatic varietal wine, sometimes fermented with oak, and also used for blending with lighter wines...
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  24. Landot Noir (Landot 4511)

    Landot Noir has both late bud break and early maturity, making it suitable for short-season climates. Makes a mild, fruity red wine used as a varietal or for blending.
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  25. Léon Millot

    Léon Millot is a sister of Marechal Foch, earlier-ripening and typically more productive. Wines are similar to those made from Foch with distinct berry aromas and are often blended with Foch.
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  26. Louise Swenson

    Louise Swenson produces small to medium-sized clusters of round, medium-sized berries that turn yellow-gold when ripe. It has naturally low sugar with moderate acidity, wines are light-bodied with a delicate aroma o...
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  27. Maréchal Foch

    Maréchal Foch is an early ripening black grape with small berries and clusters, often susceptible to bird predation. It can be made into a variety of wines ranging from light and fruity to full-bodied.
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  28. Marquette

    Marquette is rapidly becoming the most popular northern red grape variety. Typically maturing with high sugar content and moderate acidity, Marquette can produce complex wines with attractive ruby color and pronoun...
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  29. Norton (Cynthiana)

    Norton (also known as Cynthiana) is a V. labruscana x V. aestivalis hybrid with a long history in eastern US wine production, particularly in Missouri and Virginia. Norton produces small to medium clusters of firm,...
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  30. Norton (Cynthiana) - Grafted

    Norton (also known as Cynthiana) is a V. labruscana x V. aestivalis hybrid with a long history in eastern US wine production, particularly in Missouri and Virginia. Norton produces small to medium clusters of firm,...
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