Hardiness Zone 4

  1. Worden

    Worden is a highly-productive blue-black variety with medium to large clusters with large, round berries covered with heavy blue bloom. Fruit is slip-skin and excellent for fresh eating.
  2. Van Buren

    Van Buren is a Concord-type table grape with average size purple-black slipskin berries, ripening 3-4 weeks before Concord.
  3. Valiant

    Valiant is extremely winter hardy and produces small, compact clusters of small berries that ripen reliably. It is used for juice and jelly where other varieties are not hardy enough to be grown.
  4. Swenson White

    Swenson White has thick-skinned berries that hang well into the fall. The fruit has a pronounced floral aroma that does not develop strong foxy flavors. May be a good candidate for ice wine.
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  5. Swenson Red

    Swenson Red produces medium to large conical clusters with large, round, non-slipskin berries with firm flesh. Can be used to make a distinctive white wine as fermentation on the skins is not recommended.
  6. Sunbelt

    Sunbelt is a Concord-type recommended for southern climates where Concord is not well adapted. Vines are productive and fruit ripens more evenly than Concord in warmer climates.
  7. Steuben

    Steuben produces medium to large, compact clusters of medium-sized, spherical slipskin berries with a spicy tang. Steuben can produce an aromatic white, blush, or rosé wine.
  8. St. Theresa

    Developed by the late Elmer Swenson, St. Theresa is a blue-black, Concord-style, seedless table grape. With vigorous and very productive vines, hardy to zone 4b, St. Theresa would be a great addition for growers loo...
  9. St. Pepin

    A sister seedling of La Crosse, St. Pepin typically produces fruit with low acidity and is used for German style white wines and for ice wine. Not self-pollinated so must be planted near another variety that blooms...
  10. St. Croix

    St. Croix produces wines that have been compared to a light to medium burgundy. Sugar content and tannins are low at maturity, but St. Croix has been used both as a varietal and for blending.
  11. Somerset Seedless

    Somerset Seedless is among the earliest maturing and most winter hardy seedless grapes. It produces small to medium-sized, compact clusters with medium-sized berries with adherent skin and great strawberry-like fla...
  12. SO-4

    SO4 is a relatively vigorous rootstock variety that also works well for arbors.
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  13. Sheridan

    Sheridan produces large, compact clusters with large, black Concord-type berries. Fruit ripens late, extending the season for those who like Concord-type grapes.
  14. Sabrevois

    Sabrevois is a sister variety of St. Croix with better winter hardiness. Sugar content is typically low and wines can have pleasant fruitiness lacking in body and tannins, so there is potential for blending with ot...
  15. Prairie Star

    Prairie Star is a vigorous vine that produces long, loose clusters, is moderately productive, and does not require cluster thinning. Prairie Star can produce wines that lack foxiness with good hybrid wine quality.
  16. Osceola Muscat

    Osceola Muscat is a relatively new variety, one of the most hardy varieties with muscat character, but with very early bud break.
  17. Norton (Cynthiana) - Grafted

    Norton (also known as Cynthiana) is a V. labruscana x V. aestivalis hybrid with a long history in eastern US wine production, particularly in Missouri and Virginia. Norton produces small to medium clusters of firm,...
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  18. Norton (Cynthiana)

    Norton (also known as Cynthiana) is a V. labruscana x V. aestivalis hybrid with a long history in eastern US wine production, particularly in Missouri and Virginia. Norton produces small to medium clusters of firm,...
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  19. Marquette

    Marquette is rapidly becoming the most popular northern red grape variety. Typically maturing with high sugar content and moderate acidity, Marquette can produce complex wines with attractive ruby color and pronoun...
  20. Maréchal Foch

    Maréchal Foch is an early ripening black grape with small berries and clusters, often susceptible to bird predation. It can be made into a variety of wines ranging from light and fruity to full-bodied.
  21. Louise Swenson

    Louise Swenson produces small to medium-sized clusters of round, medium-sized berries that turn yellow-gold when ripe. It has naturally low sugar with moderate acidity, wines are light-bodied with a delicate aroma o...
  22. Léon Millot

    Léon Millot is a sister of Marechal Foch, earlier-ripening and typically more productive. Wines are similar to those made from Foch with distinct berry aromas and are often blended with Foch.
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  23. Landot Noir (Landot 4511)

    Landot Noir has both late bud break and early maturity, making it suitable for short-season climates. Makes a mild, fruity red wine used as a varietal or for blending.
  24. La Crosse

    La Crosse is a sister seedling of St. Pepin but does not require cross polination (it is self-fertile). Produces an aromatic varietal wine, sometimes fermented with oak, and also used for blending with lighter wines...
  25. La Crescent

    La Crescent is one of the more popular Northern varieties and includes Muscat Hamburg in its geneology. La Crescent has high acidity and is used to produce off-dry to sweet wines, typically with apricot, peach, and...
  26. King of the North

    King of the North is a Labrusca type grape that produces medium to large, round, dark, slipskin berries that are juicy and tart. Not typically used for wine as it is acidic with strong Labrusca characteristics.
  27. Ives

    Rare, jet-black variety with loose, medium-sized clusters and berries. Can be used to make deep red wines, typically with strong foxy flavor and odor that can improve with time; still used in commercial juice produ...
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  28. Itasca

    Itasca is the newest cold-hardy release out of the University of Minnesota Breeding program. Itasca produces a dry white wine that is light yellow to straw in color and has aromas of pear, quince, violet, melon, min...
  29. Geneva Red

    Geneva Red is highly vigorous and highly productive. Can make a dark red wine with classic hybrid aroma and with better tannin structure than other hybrids such as Baco Noir and De Chaunac.
  30. Frontenac Gris

    Frontenac Gris is a bud sport of Frontenac, identical in most respects but lacking dark skin color. Frontenac Gris is usually cold pressed to make a white wine that can present aromas of peach and apricot with hint...
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